Professional Regulation

UPL Opinions On-Line, Alpha Index

Additional Info

UPL Numeric Listing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 

A

Administrative Practice

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Answer

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Arbitration

  • Appearance of foreign attorney before an arbitration panel, UPL Op. 92, 200
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214

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Associate Membership

  • Legal training to state agency, UPL Op. 179
  • Representing Multiple Ownership Interests in Negotiation and Drafting of Easement, UPL Op. 213

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Automobile Liability Insurance Carriers

  • Lay-adjusters advising insured concerning availability of uninsured motorist coverage, UPL Op. 188
  • Lay-employee Court representation on behalf of carriers, UPL Op.144, 154.

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B

Bankruptcy Court

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Business Consultant

  • Advice as to incorporation, UPL Op. 67
  • Issuance of stock certificates, UPL Op. 67
  • Preparation of articles and by-laws, UPL Op. 67
  • Preparation of pension plans and resulting tax questions, UPL Op. 77

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C

Churches

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Certified Public Accountant

  • Non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214

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Collection Agency

  • Assignment of claims, UPL Op.120
  • Appearance in general district court for fixed several employers, UPL Op. 87
  • Drafting and filing of account statements, affidavits and memoranda for civil warrants, UPL Op. 51
  • Fee setting for attorney, UPL Op. 88
  • Negotiation of a debt on behalf of a debtor; Non-lawyer settlement agent, UPL Op. 212
  • Preparation of statement of account and affidavits of fact, UPL Op. 97
  • Preparation of warrants in debt by lay employees, UPL Op. 150, 151
  • Proceeding pro se to docket and collect judgments assigned to agency by creditors, UPL Op. 203
  • Representation of creditor in General District Court, UPL Op. 97
  • Referring accounts to Attorney, UPL Op. 180

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Contractor

  • Local government hiring contractor to collect unpaid debt, UPL Op. 159

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Commonwealth's Attorney

  • Providing blank forms for forfeiture actions to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Consulting Services

  • Attorney providing legal advice as employee benefit, UPL Op. 184.
  • Formation of international joint ventures, UPL Op. 163
  • Non-law firm's employment of attorneys to offer consulting services, UPL Op. 192

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Commonwealth’s Attorney

  • Providing blank forms for forfeiture actions to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Computers

  • Computer bank for closing forms to be prepared and completed, UPL Op. 76
  • Computerized loan closing, UPL Op. 59

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Corporation

  • Advice as to incorporation, UPL Op. 67
  • Agents of non-law firm corporate entity presenting seminars, UPL Op. 148
  • Appearing before judicial tribunal, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58
  • Attorney providing legal advice as employee benefit, UPL Op. 184.
  • Bank holding company, UPL Op. 69
  • Bankruptcy, UPL Op. 58, 65
  • Corporate Counsel; Virginia-licensed corporate counsel providing pro bono services; UPL Op. 211
  • Financial corporation, UPL Op.57
  • In-house counsel providing advice, UPL Op. 167, 215
  • Insurance carrier, UPL Op. 60
  • Issuance of stock certificates, UPL Op. 67
  • Lay corporation providing legal services to customers, UPL Op. 57, 60
  • Lay corporation providing financial advice, UPL Op. 57
  • Lay shareholders and officers defending lawsuits against dissolved corporation, UPL Op. 169
  • Legal advice by non-lawyer employee, UPL Op. 103, 167
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Non-lawyer employee providing factual responses to a garnishment summons, UPL Op. 101
  • Non-lawyer as in-house counsel, UPL Op. 178
  • Non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131
  • Obtaining warrants, judgment and testifying as to facts, UPL Op. 53
  • Officer/employee preparation and filing of summons to answer debtor interrogatories and garnishment summons, UPL Op. 54
  • Out-of state attorney, UPL Op. 84
  • Preparation and filing of pleadings, briefs, orders, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58, 65
  • Preparation of articles of incorporation and by-laws, UPL Op. 67
  • Presentation of legal conclusions, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58, 65
  • Professional corporation, UPL Op. 57
  • Questioning party summoned to answer debtor interrogatories, UPL Op. 54
  • Real estate, UPL Op. 80, 141, 183
  • Real estate settlement services provided by lay-corporation, UPL Op. 177
  • Staff members of non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131
  • State administrative agencies; practice before, UPL Op. 113
  • Services of lending group, UPL Op. 71
  • Services of Medical-Legal Consulting Group, UPL Op. 70
  • Services provided to Employers, UPL Op. 71

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Corporate Counsel

  • Virginia-licensed Corporate Counsel Providing Pro Bono Services, UPL Op. 211

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Custody Proceedings

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D

Deeds

  • Preparation of land trust by lay trustee, UPL Op. 193- Preparation of deed to acquire property by non-lawyer, UPL Op. 125
  • Preparation of timber deeds with landowners by timber companies, UPL Op. 190

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Deed of Trust

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Document Preparation

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E

Employers and Employees

  • Lay-employee appearing in general district court, UPL Op. 144, 154
  • Lay-employee filing in general district court on behalf of non-enumerated employer, UPL Op. 204
  • Lay-employee preparing warrants, UPL Op. 151
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Staff member of non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131

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Expenses

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Executors and Administrators

  • Non-lawyer executor representing self in court in fiduciary capacity, UPL Op. 156

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F

Facts, Figures or Factual Conclusions

  • Corporation's employees before Bankruptcy Court, UPL Op. 58
  • Debtor interrogatories, summons in garnishment, and suggestion for summons in garnishment, UPL Op. 54
  • Drafting and filing of account statements, affidavits and memoranda for civil warrant by collection agency, UPL Op. 51
  • Foreign attorney scheduling trail dates, UPL Op. 64
  • Lay employee obtaining warrants and testifying, UPL Op. 53
  • Probation Officers’ Recommendations In Pre-Sentence Reports, UPL Op. 216

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Fee Sharing

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Fees

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Financial Institutions

  • Bank's counsel as trustee in deed of trust, UPL Op. 49
  • Document preparation by mortgage banker, UPL Op. 94
  • Financial corporation, UPL Op. 58, 65
  • Lending Group, UPL Op. 71
  • Power of attorney as prepared by bank, UPL Op. 74
  • Preparation of deed of trust by bank personnel when bank is beneficiary, UPL Op. 49
  • Preparation of letter trust agreement, UPL Op. 74
  • Representation by in-house counsel, UPL Op. 69
  • Representation by insurance carrier, UPL Op. 60

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Foreclosures

  • Residential foreclosure services provided by business composed of non-lawyers, UPL Op. 191

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Foreign Attorney

  • Advice on decedents estates, UPL Op. 116
  • Advice on matters unrelated to Virginia Law, UPL Op. 122
  • Arbitration hearing held in Virginia, UPL Op. 200Appearance before arbitration panel, UPL Op. 92
  • Appearance before the industrial commission, UPL Op. 95
  • Appearance in a particular case in Virginia, UPL Op. 95
  • Appearance in court where previously admitted pro hac vice, without local counsel, UPL Op. 138
  • Counsel in real estate transaction UPL Op. 93
  • Court practice, UPL Op. 102
  • Distribution of will package UPL Op. 116
  • Effect of transferring practice to Virginia, UPL Op. 100
  • Federal administration and corporation out-of-state law and clients without local counsel, UPL Op. 84
  • Federal practice, UPL Op. 107, 117
  • Form of address, UPL Op. 107
  • Labor Union employing salaried attorneys to prepare draft QDROs for members' divorce attorneys, UPL Op. 202
  • Letterhead of attorney practicing out of Virginia office, UPL Op. 196
  • Military lawyers; membership status, UPL Op. 133
  • Military lawyers; practice in Virginia, UPL Op. 108
  • Military tribunals, UPL Op. 89
  • Multi-jurisdictional law firm, UPL Op. 201
  • Office in Virginia, UPL Op. 84, 117
  • Office in Virginia of a multi-jurisdictional law firm, UPL Op. 20
  • Representing before a tribunal, UPL Op. 119
  • Representing client before VA Gas and Oil Board, UPL Op. 209
  • Representing Corporation incorporated in Virginia and with offices only in Virginia, UPL Op. 158
  • Partnership with attorney not licensed in United States, UPL Op. 195
  • Pension funds; administrator preparing plans for IRS, UPL Op. 77
  • Physicians conducting insurance policy investigations, UPL Op. 146
  • Pleading prepared by non-lawyer having general power of attorney, UPL Op. 194
  • Power of attorney; inmates in correctional facilities, UPL Op. 110
  • Practice before military courts and boards, UPL Op. 89
  • Practice of Patent Case in Virginia, UPL Op. 210
  • Practicing in Virginia Court, UPL Op. 102
  • Preparing legal instruments, UPL Op. 119
  • Preparation of legal documents, UPL Op. 99
  • Presentation of facts, figures or factual conclusions, UPL Op. 64
  • Pro bono work, UPL Op. 119
  • Pro hac vice admission, UPL Op. 102
  • Providing legal advice to employer, UPL Op. 103
  • Publishing of legal information in a Virginia newspaper, UPL Op. 104
  • Real estate practice, UPL Op. 93
  • Scheduling cases for trial at term day, UPL Op. 64
  • Scope of permissible practice, UPL Op. 107

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Forfeiture Actions

  • Commonwealth's attorney providing blank forms to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Former Bar Members

  • Non-lawyer and former member of the Virginia State Bar providing contract advice, UPL Op. 149

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Form Documents

  • Preparation and sale of, UPL Op. 73
  • Preparation by attorney of closing forms, UPL Op. 81
  • Preparation by foreign attorney, UPL Op. 99
  • Preparation of contract for sale by real estate agent, UPL Op. 75
  • Preparation of legal notice for eviction from subsidized housing, UPL Op. 79
  • Preparation of pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court, UPL Op. 207

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Former Congressman

  • Appearance before Virginia federal and sate courts, UPL Op. 115

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G

Garnishment

  • Application, certificate or suggestion for summons, UPL Op. 54
  • Collection, UPL Op. 72
  • Non-lawyer providing factual responses to a garnishment summons, UPL Op. 101

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General District Court

  • Realtors and resident managers obtaining default judgments, UPL Op.166
  • Request for judgment by non-lawyer employee, UPL Op. 87

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General Power of Attorney

  • Non-lawyer with power preparing pleading for principal, UPL Op. 194

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Guardian Ad Litem

  • Non-lawyer representation in custody proceeding, UPL Op. 62

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H

Housing Authority

  • Preparation of eviction notices for landlord of tenants subsidized by Authority, UPL Op. 79
  • Preparation of H.U.D. settlement statements by title company and settlement service, UPL Op. 86

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Human Rights Commission

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I

In-House Counsel

 

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Inmates

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Insurance Carrier

  • Excess of policy limits, UPL Op. 60
  • Representation by house counsel, UPL Op. 60
  • Representation by lay employees in General District Court, UPL Op. 144, 154

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Interrogatories

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Interviewing Clients

  • Non-lawyer or paralegal office staff conducting initial interview of clients, UPL Op. 191

 

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L

Labor Union

  • Employing salaried attorneys to prepare draft QDROs for members' divorce attorneys, UPL Op. 202

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Law Libraries

  • Employees of public law libraries providing information to the public, UPL Op. 152, 161

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Lay Adjusters

  • Advising insured concerning availability of uninsured motorist coverage, UPL Op. 188
  • Advising, counseling and representing the legal interests of an insured, UPL Op. 208

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Lay Advocates

  • Appearance before administrative law judges, UPL Op. 187

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Law Office Staff

  • Permissible activities by non-lawyer staff in interaction with clients, UPL Op. 191

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Legal Aid Society

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Legal Conclusions

  • Before Virginia Employment Commission, UPL Op. 71
  • Collection agency's drafting and filing of documents, UPL Op. 51
  • Corporations preparation of orders in bankruptcy proceeding, UPL Op. 58
  • Fellow inmate representation, UPL Op. 48- Foreign attorney scheduling trial dates, UPL Op. 64
  • Lay employee preparation of pleadings and briefs, UPL Op. 53

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Legal Research Services

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Lending Institutions

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Letterhead

  • Borrowing attorney's letterhead, UPL Op. 190
  • Foreign attorney practicing out of Virginia office, UPL Op. 196

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Living Wills

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M

Media Marketing

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Military Courts and Boards

  • Appearance of a foreign attorney before, UPL Op. 89
  • Practice by non-Virginia Licensed Attorney, UPL Op. 108

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Military Lawyer

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Ministerial Duties

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Mortgage Foreclosures

  • Non-lawyers providing residential foreclosure services, UPL Op. 198

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Motions

  • Lay employees appearing in general district court, UPL Op. 154

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Multi-Jurisdictional Law Firm

  • Foreign attorneys practicing in Virginia law offices, UPL Op. 201

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N

Non-lawyer

  • Accountants, UPL Op.121
  • Administrative agencies and the practice of patent agents, UPL Op. 143
  • Administrative law judges and representation before, UPL Op. 187
  • Administrator of pension funds preparing plans for IRS, UPL Op. 78
  • Advice to clients, UPL Op. 121
  • Agents of non-law firm corporate entity presenting seminars, UPL Op. 148
  • Appearance before state administrative agency, UPL Op. 113, 114
  • Appearance before real estate board of equalization, UPL Op. 155
  • Appearance of lay employee in general district court, UPL Op. 154
  • Appearance before a bankruptcy court, UPL Op. 65
  • Appearance in court for collections; UPL Op. 72
  • Arbitration; non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party, UPL Op. 214
  • Assignment of claims to collection agency, UPL Op. 120
  • Associate Status; representing multiple ownership interests in negotiation and drafting of easement, UPL Op. 213
  • Bail; providing information for use by judicial officers, UPL Op. 186
  • Bank employees preparing deeds of trust, UPL Op. 49
  • Bankruptcy court; appearances before, UPL Op. 65
  • Bankruptcy proceedings; agent of debtors corporation appearing before, UPL Op. 58
  • Bankruptcy proceedings; representation of debtors in section meetings of creditors, UPL Op. 175
  • Bank preparing letter trust agreements, UPL Op. 74
  • Brokers' engaging agents to prepare legal documents, UPL Op. 61
  • Business consultants preparing incorporation documents; UPL Op.67
  • Certificates of satisfaction prepared by title companies, UPL Op. 80
  • Certified public accountants; non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214
  • Collection agency; preparing and filing statements of account, UPL Op. 51
  • Collection agency; preparation of warrants by lay-employee, UPL Op. 151
  • Collection agency referrals, UPL Op. 128
  • Contractor to collect unpaid debt, UPL Op. 159
  • Contracts; preparations allowed by real estate agent or broker, UPL Op. 96
  • Contracts; preparations not allowed, UPL Op. 75
  • Corporate agents of non-law firm presenting seminars, UPL Op. 148
  • Corporate employees; providing responses to garnishment summons, UPL Op. 101
  • Corporate employer; providing legal advice to, UPL Op. 103
  • Corporate officer preparing and filing debtor interrogatories and garnishment summons; UPL Op. 54
  • Corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Corporations; in-house counsel, UPL Op. 178
  • Deeds; to acquire property, UPL Op. 125
  • Deeds; preparation by escrow and title company, UPL Op. 91
  • Deeds of trust; preparation by lending institutions, UPL Op. 109
  • Deeds-timber; with landowners by timber companies, UPL Op. 190
  • Default judgments; realtors and resident managers obtaining in general district court, UPL Op. 166
  • Delegation of work, UPL Op. 121
  • Employment of lawyers, UPL Op. 177
  • Employee filing in general district court on behalf of employer, UPL Op. 204
  • Executor representing self in court in fiduciary capacity, UPL Op. 156
  • Expert witness testimony, UPL Op. 171
  • Fee explanation by non-lawyer or paralegal staff, UPL Op. 191
  • Foreclosure services, UPL Op. 198
  • Foreign attorney appearance before sate administrative agency, UPL Op. 113, 114
  • Former member of Virginia State Bar providing contract advice, UPL Op. 149
  • Garnishment wages; collection of, UPL Op. 72
  • General power of attorney preparing pleading for principal, UPL Op. 194
  • Guardian ad litem in custody proceedings, UPL Op. 62
  • Interview of client initially, UPL Op. 191
  • Inmate; representing another, UPL Op. 48
  • Inmate; power of attorney, UPL Op. 110
  • Insurance adjuster; former attorney employed as CEO of insurance adjusting company, UPL Op. 135
  • Land Surveyor; representation before planning commission, UPL Op. 165
  • Law student; practice before human rights committee, UPL Op. 66
  • Law student; representing patrons of a legal aid society, UPL Op. 68
  • Lay Adjuster; advising, counseling and representing the legal interests of an insured, UPL Op. 208
  • Legal advice to Corporate employer, UPL Op. 103
  • Liens; preparation, UPL Op. 139
  • Loan closing; printing of computerized documents, UPL Op. 59
  • Mortgage bankers; charging document preparation fees, UPL Op. 94
  • Mortgage company; preparation of legal instruments, UPL Op. 112
  • Negotiation; associate status representing multiple ownership interests, UPL Op. 213
  • Negotiation; non-lawyer settlement agent, UPL Op. 212
  • Non-profit corporations providing general information on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131
  • Patent agents practicing trademark law, UPL Op. 143
  • Physician investigating automobile insurance policies, UPL Op. 146
  • Preparation of liens, UPL Op. 139
  • Preparation of blank forms for forfeiture actions by accountant for police, UPL Op. 182
  • Preparation and filing by collection agency of statements of account, UPL Op. 51
  • Preparation of legal instruments by mortgage company, UPL Op. 112
  • Preparation of pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court by Social Worker, UPL Op. 207
  • Pro se; suspended lawyer collecting legal fees and costs, UPL Op. 130
  • Probation Officers’ Recommendations In Pre-Sentence Reports, UPL Op. 216
  • Providing information to Judicial Officer, UPL Op. 186
  • Providing residential foreclosure services, UPL Op. 198
  • Real estate agent; preparation of contract of sale not allowed, UPL Op. 75
  • Real estate agent; preparation of contract of sale allowed, UPL Op. 96
  • Real estate agent; preparation of construction contracts/purchase agreements, UPL Op. 63
  • Real estate board of equalization; appearance before, UPL Op. 155
  • Real estate closing by title companies, UPL Op. 76
  • Real estate closing by paralegals, UPL Op. 147
  • Real estate transaction; representation of Party to, UPL Op. 197
  • Realtors and resident managers obtaining default judgments in general district Court, UPL Op.166
  • Referrals; collection agency, UPL Op. 128
  • Representation before planning commission, UPL Op. 165
  • Representation by non-lawyer, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214
  • Representation of claimants for funds owed by U.S. agencies, UPL Op. 142
  • Representation within university grievance system, UPL Op. 78
  • Residential foreclosure services, UPL Op. 191
  • Research, UPL Op. 127, 161
  • Settlement services, UPL Op. 86, 212
  • Social Worker preparing pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court, UPL Op. 207
  • State administrative agency; appearance before, UPL Op. 113, 114
  • Suspended lawyer; employed as CEO/insurance a

Planning Commission

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Pleadings

  • Bankruptcy Court, UPL Op. 65
  • Definition, UPL Op. 54
  • Legal Skills, UPL Op. 54, 58
  • Objectives, UPL Op. 54
  • Preparation by non-lawyer with general power of attorney, UPL Op. 194
  • Preparation by Social Worker of pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court, UPL Op. 207
  • Preparation and signing by non-resident, Virginia licensed attorney, UPL Op. 82
  • Preparation by in-house counsel, UPL Op. 69

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Practice of Law

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Preemption of Federal Law

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Pro Bono

  • Gratuitous legal services, UPL Op. 50
  • Virginia-licensed corporate counsel providing pro-bono services, UPL Op. 211

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Prisoners

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Professional Corporation

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Pro Hac Vice Admission

  • Foreign attorney appearing without local counsel, UPL Op. 138
  • Foreign attorney practicing in Virginia court, UPL Op. 102

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Pro Se

  • Non-lawyer executor representing self in court in fiduciary capacity, UPL Op. 156
  • Suspended lawyer acting pro se to collect legal fees and costs, UPL Op. 130

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R

Real Estate Board of Equalization

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Real Estate Brokers/Agents (see also Title Company)


  • Completion of closing documents, UPL Op. 76
  • Conducting real estate business exception, UPL Op. 63, 75
  • Default judgments; obtaining in general district court, UPL Op. 166
  • Lending group, UPL Op. 71
  • Lay corporation providing general legal information, UPL Op. 177
  • Non-lawyer conducting closing, UPL Op. 183
  • Preparation of notices or contracts, UPL Op. 96
  • Purchase agreement, UPL Op. 63, 75

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Real Estate Closings


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Real Estate Settlement Service


  • Corporation providing services through private practice, UPL Op. 177
  • Corporation providing general legal information, UPL Op. 177

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Realtors and Resident Managers


  • Obtaining default judgments in General District Court, UPL Op. 166

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Regulatory Agencies


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Research


  • Providing legal research services to non-lawyer, UPL Op. 152, 161

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S

Secretary

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Settlements

  • Paralegal or non-lawyer office staff explaining, UPL Op. 191
  • Non-lawyer Settlement Agent negotiating a debt on behalf of a debtor, UPL Op. 212

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Social Worker

  • Preparation of pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court, UPL Op. 207

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Stationary

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Summons

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Surveyors

  • Representation before planning commission in potential land purchase, UPL Op. 165

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Suspended Attorney

  • Acting Pro se to collect legal fees and costs, UPL Op. 130
  • Employed as CEO/Insurance adjuster of insurance adjusting company, UPL Op. 135
  • Restrictions on Activities, UPL Op. 137

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T

Technical Assistance

  • Eviction notice preparation for landlords of subsidized tenants, UPL Op. 79
  • Medical-legal Consulting Group, UPL Op. 70
  • Real estate broker preparation of contract of sale not incident to transaction, UPL Op. 75
  • Real estate firm completion of closing documents, UPL Op. 76

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Telephone Consultations

  • Provided by company attorney as employee benefit, UPL Op. 184
  • 900 telephone line services; attorney prepared scripts, UPL Op. 185

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Title Company

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Trade Associations

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Tribunal

  • American Arbitration Association, UPL Op. 206
  • Estate executor (non-lawyer) appealing in court, UPL Op. 156
  • Foreign attorneys, UPL Op. 158, 200
  • Lay employee of collection agency preparing warrants in debt, UPL Op. 150
  • Local human rights committee, UPL Op. 66
  • Non-lawyer expert witness, UPL Op. 171
  • Non-lawyers participation as member of Condominium's "executive organ or tribunal," UPL Op. 168
  • Non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214
  • Real Estate Board, non-lawyer appearing before, UPL Op. 155
  • Tenure board (state university faculty), UPL Op. 78
  • Virginia Employment Commission, UPL Op. 71
  • Virginia Gas and Oil Board, UPL Op. 209

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Trust Agreements

  • Trust letter agreement by bank for customer, UPL Op. 74

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U

Unlicensed Attorneys (see Foreign Attorney)

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V

Virginia Practice (see Practice of Law)

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Voluntary Associations

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W

Warrants

  • Preparation of by collection agency employees, UPL Op. 150, 151

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Witnesses

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Wills

  • Self-proving will form, bank officer providing customer with, UPL Op. 153
  • Non-lawyer preparation of wills, UPL Op. 73

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Updated: Oct 22, 2013