Professional Regulation

UPL Opinions On-Line, Alpha Index

Additional Info

UPL Numeric Listing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 

 

A

Administrative Practice

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Answer

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Arbitration

  • Appearance of foreign attorney before an arbitration panel, UPL Op. 92, 200
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214

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Associate Membership

  • Legal training to state agency, UPL Op. 179
  • Representing Multiple Ownership Interests in Negotiation and Drafting of Easement, UPL Op. 213

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Automobile Liability Insurance Carriers

  • Lay-adjusters advising insured concerning availability of uninsured motorist coverage, UPL Op. 188 withdrawn
  • Lay-employee Court representation on behalf of carriers, UPL Op.144, 154.

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B

Bankruptcy Court

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Business Consultant

  • Advice as to incorporation, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn
  • Issuance of stock certificates, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn
  • Preparation of articles and by-laws, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn
  • Preparation of pension plans and resulting tax questions, UPL Op. 77

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C

Churches

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Certified Public Accountant

  • Non-lawyer representation, for compensation, of a party to arbitration, UPL Op. 214

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Collection Agency

  • Assignment of claims, UPL Op.120 withdrawn
  • Appearance in general district court for fixed several employers, UPL Op. 87
  • Drafting and filing of account statements, affidavits and memoranda for civil warrants, UPL Op. 51
  • Fee setting for attorney, UPL Op. 88 withdrawn
  • Negotiation of a debt on behalf of a debtor; Non-lawyer settlement agent, UPL Op. 212
  • Preparation of statement of account and affidavits of fact, UPL Op. 97 withdrawn 
  • Preparation of warrants in debt by lay employees, UPL Op. 150, 151
  • Proceeding pro se to docket and collect judgments assigned to agency by creditors, UPL Op. 203
  • Representation of creditor in General District Court, UPL Op. 97 withdrawn 
  • Referring accounts to Attorney, UPL Op. 180

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Contractor

  • Local government hiring contractor to collect unpaid debt, UPL Op. 159 withdrawn

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Commonwealth's Attorney

  • Providing blank forms for forfeiture actions to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Consulting Services

  • Attorney providing legal advice as employee benefit, UPL Op. 184.
  • Formation of international joint ventures, UPL Op. 163
  • Non-law firm's employment of attorneys to offer consulting services, UPL Op. 192

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Commonwealth’s Attorney

  • Providing blank forms for forfeiture actions to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Computers

  • Computer bank for closing forms to be prepared and completed, UPL Op. 76
  • Computerized loan closing, UPL Op. 59

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Corporation

  • Advice as to incorporation, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn
  • Agents of non-law firm corporate entity presenting seminars, UPL Op. 148 withdrawn 
  • Appearing before judicial tribunal, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58
  • Attorney providing legal advice as employee benefit, UPL Op. 184.
  • Bank holding company, UPL Op. 69
  • Bankruptcy, UPL Op. 58, 65
  • Corporate Counsel; Virginia-licensed corporate counsel providing pro bono services; UPL Op. 211
  • Financial corporation, UPL Op.57
  • In-house counsel providing advice, UPL Op. 167 withdrawnUPL Op. 215
  • Insurance carrier, UPL Op. 60
  • Issuance of stock certificates, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn
  • Lay corporation providing legal services to customers, UPL Op. 57, 60
  • Lay corporation providing financial advice, UPL Op. 57
  • Lay shareholders and officers defending lawsuits against dissolved corporation, UPL Op. 169 withdrawn
  • Legal advice by non-lawyer employee, UPL Op. 103 withdrawn, UPL Op. 167 withdrawn
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Non-lawyer employee providing factual responses to a garnishment summons, UPL Op. 101
  • Non-lawyer as in-house counsel, UPL Op. 178
  • Non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131
  • Obtaining warrants, judgment and testifying as to facts, UPL Op. 53
  • Officer/employee preparation and filing of summons to answer debtor interrogatories and garnishment summons, UPL Op. 54
  • Out-of state attorney, UPL Op. 84 withdrawn
  • Preparation and filing of pleadings, briefs, orders, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58, 65 
  • Preparation of articles of incorporation and by-laws, UPL Op. 67 withdrawn 
  • Presentation of legal conclusions, UPL Op. 53, 54, 58, 65
  • Professional corporation, UPL Op. 57
  • Questioning party summoned to answer debtor interrogatories, UPL Op. 54
  • Real estate, UPL Op. 80, UPL Op. 141 withdrawn, UPL Op. 183
  • Real estate settlement services provided by lay-corporation, UPL Op. 177
  • Staff members of non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131
  • State administrative agencies; practice before, UPL Op. 113 
  • Services of lending group, UPL Op. 71
  • Services of Medical-Legal Consulting Group, UPL Op. 70
  • Services provided to Employers, UPL Op. 71

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Corporate Counsel

  • Virginia-licensed Corporate Counsel Providing Pro Bono Services, UPL Op. 211

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Custody Proceedings

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D

Deeds

  • Preparation of land trust by lay trustee, UPL Op. 193- Preparation of deed to acquire property by non-lawyer, UPL Op. 125
  • Preparation of timber deeds with landowners by timber companies, UPL Op. 190

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Deed of Trust

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Document Preparation

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E

Employers and Employees

  • Lay-employee appearing in general district court, UPL Op. 144, 154
  • Lay-employee filing in general district court on behalf of non-enumerated employer, UPL Op. 204
  • Lay-employee preparing warrants, UPL Op. 151
  • Non-lawyer corporate officer representing corporation in an arbitration proceeding, UPL Op. 206
  • Staff member of non-profit corporation providing legal advice on religious freedom issues, UPL Op. 131

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Expenses

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Executors and Administrators

  • Non-lawyer executor representing self in court in fiduciary capacity, UPL Op. 156 withdrawn

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F

Facts, Figures or Factual Conclusions

  • Corporation's employees before Bankruptcy Court, UPL Op. 58
  • Debtor interrogatories, summons in garnishment, and suggestion for summons in garnishment, UPL Op. 54
  • Drafting and filing of account statements, affidavits and memoranda for civil warrant by collection agency, UPL Op. 51
  • Foreign attorney scheduling trial dates, UPL Op. 64
  • Lay employee obtaining warrants and testifying, UPL Op. 53
  • Probation Officers’ Recommendations In Pre-Sentence Reports, UPL Op. 216

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Fee Sharing

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Fees

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Financial Institutions

  • Bank's counsel as trustee in deed of trust, UPL Op. 49
  • Document preparation by mortgage banker, UPL Op. 94 withdrawn 
  • Financial corporation, UPL Op. 58, 65
  • Lending Group, UPL Op. 71
  • Power of attorney as prepared by bank, UPL Op. 74
  • Preparation of deed of trust by bank personnel when bank is beneficiary, UPL Op. 49
  • Preparation of letter trust agreement, UPL Op. 74
  • Representation by in-house counsel, UPL Op. 69
  • Representation by insurance carrier, UPL Op. 60

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Foreclosures

  • Residential foreclosure services provided by business composed of non-lawyers, UPL Op. 191

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Foreign Attorney

  • Advice on decedents estates, UPL Op. 116
  • Advice on matters unrelated to Virginia Law, UPL Op. 122
  • Arbitration hearing held in Virginia, UPL Op. 200Appearance before arbitration panel, UPL Op. 92
  • Appearance before the industrial commission, UPL Op. 95
  • Appearance in a particular case in Virginia, UPL Op. 95
  • Appearance in court where previously admitted pro hac vice, without local counsel, UPL Op. 138 withdrawn 
  • Counsel in real estate transaction UPL Op. 93
  • Court practice, UPL Op. 102
  • Distribution of will package UPL Op. 116
  • Effect of transferring practice to Virginia, UPL Op. 100 withdrawn 
  • Federal administration and corporation out-of-state law and clients without local counsel, UPL Op. 84 withdrawn
  • Federal practice, UPL Op. 107 withdrawn, UPL Op. 117
  • Form of address, UPL Op. 107 withdrawn
  • Labor Union employing salaried attorneys to prepare draft QDROs for members' divorce attorneys, UPL Op. 202
  • Letterhead of attorney practicing out of Virginia office, UPL Op. 196
  • Military lawyers; membership status, UPL Op. 133
  • Military lawyers; practice in Virginia, UPL Op. 108
  • Military tribunals, UPL Op. 89
  • Multi-jurisdictional law firm, UPL Op. 201
  • Office in Virginia, UPL Op. 84 withdrawn, UPL Op. 117
  • Office in Virginia of a multi-jurisdictional law firm, UPL Op. 20
  • Representing before a tribunal, UPL Op. 119 withdrawn 
  • Representing client before VA Gas and Oil Board, UPL Op. 209
  • Representing Corporation incorporated in Virginia and with offices only in Virginia, UPL Op. 158
  • Partnership with attorney not licensed in United States, UPL Op. 195
  • Pension funds; administrator preparing plans for IRS, UPL Op. 77
  • Physicians conducting insurance policy investigations, UPL Op. 146
  • Pleading prepared by non-lawyer having general power of attorney, UPL Op. 194
  • Power of attorney; inmates in correctional facilities, UPL Op. 110 withdrawn 
  • Practice before military courts and boards, UPL Op. 89
  • Practice of Patent Case in Virginia, UPL Op. 210
  • Practicing in Virginia Court, UPL Op. 102
  • Preparing legal instruments, UPL Op. 119 withdrawn 
  • Preparation of legal documents, UPL Op. 99
  • Presentation of facts, figures or factual conclusions, UPL Op. 64
  • Pro bono work, UPL Op. 119 withdrawn 
  • Pro hac vice admission, UPL Op. 102
  • Providing legal advice to employer, UPL Op. 103 withdrawn 
  • Publishing of legal information in a Virginia newspaper, UPL Op. 104
  • Real estate practice, UPL Op. 93
  • Scheduling cases for trial at term day, UPL Op. 64
  • Scope of permissible practice, UPL Op. 107 withdrawn 

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Forfeiture Actions

  • Commonwealth's attorney providing blank forms to accountant working for police, UPL Op. 182

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Former Bar Members

  • Non-lawyer and former member of the Virginia State Bar providing contract advice, UPL Op. 149 withdrawn

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Form Documents

  • Preparation and sale of, UPL Op. 73 withdrawn
  • Preparation by attorney of closing forms, UPL Op. 81
  • Preparation by foreign attorney, UPL Op. 99
  • Preparation of contract for sale by real estate agent, UPL Op. 75 withdrawn 
  • Preparation of legal notice for eviction from subsidized housing, UPL Op. 79
  • Preparation of pleadings and forms for Small Claims Court, UPL Op. 207

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Former Congressman

  • Appearance before Virginia federal and sate courts, UPL Op. 115

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G

Garnishment

  • Application, certificate or suggestion for summons, UPL Op. 54
  • Collection, UPL Op. 72
  • Non-lawyer providing factual responses to a garnishment summons, UPL Op. 101

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General District Court

  • Realtors and resident managers obtaining default judgments, UPL Op.166
  • Request for judgment by non-lawyer employee, UPL Op. 87

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General Power of Attorney

  • Non-lawyer with power preparing pleading for principal, UPL Op. 194

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Guardian Ad Litem

  • Non-lawyer representation in custody proceeding, UPL Op. 62

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H

Housing Authority

  • Preparation of eviction notices for landlord of tenants subsidized by Authority, UPL Op. 79
  • Preparation of H.U.D. settlement statements by title company and settlement service, UPL Op. 86 withdrawn 

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Human Rights Commission

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I

In-House Counsel

  • Bar membership, UPL Op. 160
  • Based outside Virginia providing legal advice to employer in Virginia, UPL Op. 215
  • Insurance Carrier, UPL Op. 60
  • Non-lawyer as in-house counsel for corporation, UPL Op. 178
  • Providing legal services to Corporation's CEO and to Corporate Clients, UPL Op. 167 withdrawn
  • Representation by, UPL Op. 69

 

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Inmates

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Insurance Carrier

  • Excess of policy limits, UPL Op. 60
  • Representation by house counsel, UPL Op. 60
  • Representation by lay employees in General District Court, UPL Op. 144, 154

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Interrogatories

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Interviewing Clients

  • Non-lawyer or paralegal office staff conducting initial interview of clients, UPL Op. 191

 

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L

Labor Union

  • Employing salaried attorneys to prepare draft QDROs for members' divorce attorneys, UPL Op. 202

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Law Libraries

  • Employees of public law libraries providing information to the public, UPL Op. 152, 161

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Lay Adjusters

  • Advising insured concerning availability of uninsured motorist coverage, UPL Op. 188 withdrawn 
  • Advising, counseling and representing the legal interests of an insured, UPL Op. 208

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Lay Advocates

  • Appearance before administrative law judges, UPL Op. 187

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Law Office Staff

  • Permissible activities by non-lawyer staff in interaction with clients, UPL Op. 191

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Legal Aid Society

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Legal Conclusions

  • Before Virginia Employment Commission, UPL Op. 71
  • Collection agency's drafting and filing of documents, UPL Op. 51
  • Corporations preparation of orders in bankruptcy proceeding, UPL Op. 58
  • Fellow inmate representation, UPL Op. 48- Foreign attorney scheduling trial dates, UPL Op. 64
  • Lay employee preparation of pleadings and briefs, UPL Op. 53

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Legal Research Services

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Lending Institutions

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Letterhead

  • Borrowing attorney's letterhead, UPL Op. 190
  • Foreign attorney practicing out of Virginia office, UPL Op. 196

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Living Wills

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M

Media Marketing

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Military Courts and Boards

  • Appearance of a foreign attorney before, UPL Op. 89
  • Practice by non-Virginia Licensed Attorney, UPL Op. 108

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Military Lawyer

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Ministerial Duties

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Mortgage Foreclosures

  • Non-lawyers providing residential foreclosure services, UPL Op. 198

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Motions

  • Lay employees appearing in general district court, UPL Op. 154

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Multi-Jurisdictional Law Firm

  • Foreign attorneys practicing in Virginia law offices, UPL Op. 201

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N

Non-lawyer