The Virginia State Bar and the Standing Committee on Professionalism are indebted to the past and present members of the Professionalism Course Faculty and Professionalism Committee for their generous donation of time, energy and expertise in establishing and writing the materials for this course. For their help in updating and revising this coursebook, our special thanks go to:

James M. McCauley
Ethics Counsel
Virginia State Bar

Barbara B. Saunders
Assistant Ethics Counsel
Virginia State Bar

Seth M. Guggenheim
Assistant Ethics Counsel
Virginia State Bar

Emily F. Hedrick
Assistant Ethics Counsel
Virginia State Bar


and the staff of the Professional Regulation Department

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This material is presented with the understanding that the publisher and the author do not render any legal, accounting, or other professional service. It is intended for educational and informational use by attorneys licensed to practice law in Virginia. Because of the rapidly changing nature of the law, information contained in this publication may become outdated. As a result, an attorney using this material must always research original sources of authority and update information to ensure accuracy when dealing with a specific client's legal matters. In no event will the author, the reviewers, or the publisher be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential damages resulting from the use of this material. The views expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Virginia State Bar.

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Copyright 2015 Virginia State Bar. All rights reserved. Updated 11/01/15