V I R G I N I A:
BEFORE THE VIRGINIA STATE
BAR DISCIPLINARY BOARD
IN THE MATTER OF LUTHER CORNELIUS
VSB Docket No. 98-022-2497
This matter came before the Virginia
State Bar Disciplinary Board for hearing on April 26, 2002, before a duly convened
panel of the Board consisting of Thaddeus T. Crump, Lay Member, J. Rudy Austin,
Robert L. Freed, Joseph R. Lassiter, Jr., and William M. Moffet, presiding,
pursuant to a certification of the Second District, Section II Subcommittee
of the Virginia State Bar served on the Respondent, Luther Cornelius Edmonds
(the "Respondent"), on August 1, 2001.
Richard E. Slaney ("Assistant Bar
Counsel") appeared as Counsel for the Virginia State Bar (the "VSB"). Respondent
appeared pro se. The court reporter for the proceeding, Valerie L.
Schmit, RPR, of Chandler and Halasz, Post Office Box 9349, Richmond, Virginia
23227, (804) 730-1222, was duly sworn by Mr. Moffet, the Chair of the Board.
All legal notices of the date and place of this hearing were timely sent by
the Clerk of the Disciplinary System in the manner prescribed by law. The Chair
polled the Board members and determined that no member had a conflict of interest
that would preclude him from serving.
The exhibits presented by Assistant
Bar Counsel on behalf of the VSB were admitted into evidence as Exhibits 1 through
17 without objection. The exhibits presented by Respondent were admitted as
Exhibits 2 through 4 without objection and 5 over objection.
As Respondent's Answer filed in
the above referenced matter admitted almost all of the allegations of fact set
out in the Certification, very little of the evidence presented was in controversy.
The evidence may be summarized as
- At all times material to this
hearing, Respondent was an attorney licensed to practice law in the Commonwealth
- Respondent formerly served as
a Judge of the Norfolk Circuit Court and resigned his judgeship during a hearing
on charges against him held before the Commonwealth of Virginia Judicial Inquiry
and Review Commission (the "JIRC"). Respondent became involved in a dispute
with the other judges of the Norfolk Circuit Court regarding bonds posted
by bondsmen in the Norfolk Circuit Court. During a heated discussion, one
of the judges accused Respondent of having a relationship with a certain Ms.
Battle, a bondswoman. The alleged conflicts of interest arising out of Respondent's
handling of bond cases involving Ms. Battle led to a the JIRC inquiry. As
a result of these events, Respondent resigned his position as a circuit court
- Respondent thereafter filed a
civil suit (civil action no. 2:97cv364) (the "JIRC Suit") in the United States
Federal District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (the "Federal
Court") against eight of his former judicial colleagues (the "Norfolk Judges"),
Albert Teich, Clerk of the Norfolk Circuit Court ("Teich"), JIRC and its former
chairman, and Reno Harp, III, former Counsel to JIRC (collectively, the "Defendants").
The JIRC Suit consisted of eight counts presenting claims regarding the motivation
and conduct of the persons who brought certain matters to the attention of
JIRC, who testified in its proceedings, or who conducted its proceedings.
The relief sought in the JIRC Suit included compensatory damages of Forty
Million and 00/100 Dollars ($40,000,000.00), punitive damages of Ten Million
and 00/100 Dollars ($10,000,000.00), injunctive relief requiring that Respondent
be reinstated as a state circuit court judge, and Respondent's attorney's
fees and costs in bringing the JIRC Suit.
- The Defendants moved to dismiss
the JIRC Suit on several grounds. Following the filing of written briefs and
oral argument, the Honorable Robert E. Payne ("Judge Payne") ruled: "Having
sought to discern the basis for Edmonds' claims, the Court concludes that
they are highly suspect, if not entirely lacking in merit. However, it is
not necessary to reach the merits of Edmonds' federal claims because the Court
is without jurisdiction to entertain them." Edmonds v. Clarkson,
et al., 996 F.Supp. 541 (E. D. Va. 1998). Judge Payne held that an
established constitutional principle known as the Rooker-Feldman Doctrine
clearly precluded the Federal Court from addressing Respondent's constitutional
claims that were asserted or could have been asserted in state court. Essentially,
federal district courts cannot act as appellate courts to review constitutional
claims that are inexorably intertwined with state court decisions. Judge Payne
found that Respondent could not short-circuit the state judicial review proceedings
by resigning (without presenting any of his constitutional claims to JIRC
or the Virginia Supreme Court) and by then filing suit in federal district
court on constitutional grounds attacking his "forced" resignation. Judge
Payne also held that, as the Federal Court had no federal jurisdiction in
this matter, it had no supplemental jurisdiction over related state law claims
made by Respondent.
- After the JIRC Suit was dismissed,
the Defendants filed a motion for sanctions pursuant to Rule 11 and for attorney's
fees pursuant to 42 U.S.C. Section 1988. In analyzing the JIRC Suit under
the objective test of Rule 11, Judge Payne found the claims against Teich
had no basis in law or in fact, and that the claims against the remaining
Defendants had no basis in law. He noted Respondent did not even attempt to
distinguish the relevant case law, and that a reasonable investigation of
the law would have shown the JIRC Suit to be baseless under the Rooker-Feldman
Doctrine. Judge Payne found several counts failed to set forth any cognizable
federal or state law claims, and the principal relief sought (reinstatement
as a state circuit court judge) was clearly not available from a federal forum.
Judge Payne also found each of Respondent's state law claims lacked any basis
in state law. In a separate analysis within the same opinion, Judge Payne
found the JIRC Suit was filed and prosecuted for an improper purpose (for
harassment or some purpose other than to vindicate rights through the judicial
process). In an opinion dated April 7, 1998, Judge Payne awarded Rule 11 sanctions
in the amount of One Thousand and 00/100 Dollars ($1,000.00) to Teich and
Fourteen Thousand Six Hundred 00/100 Dollars ($14,600.00) to the other Defendants.
- Respondent appealed the decision
to dismiss the JIRC Suit and to sanction him to the U.S. Court of Appeals
for the Fourth Circuit, that affirmed both the dismissal and the sanctions.
- At the VSB hearing on April 26,
2002, Respondent testified that while in law school he had been taught that
"the law is a vehicle for social change" citing Brown v. Board of Education
as an example thereof. Respondent testified as to his education, experience,
public service, and service as judge in the Virginia judicial system. He also
testified that the circumstances leading up to the JIRC investigation forced
him to resign, and that he believed that the filing of the JIRC Suit was the
only alternative available to him. Respondent testified that he had violated
no law, that he did not bring the JIRC Suit for the purpose of harassing anyone,
that he believed he had good faith arguments to support his pleadings, and
that he had in good faith argued for an extension, modification, or reversal
of existing law with regard to the Rooker-Feldman Doctrine. After filing the
JIRC Suit, Respondent, while incarcerated in the Norfolk City jail, prepared
and filed a seventy-three (73) page brief in support of his claims that devotes
only two (2) pages to the Rooker-Feldman Doctrine.
The Board finds by clear and convincing
evidence that Respondent violated DR 2-107(A)(2) that provides in relevant part
that: "A lawyer shall not accept or continue employment on behalf of a person
if he knows or it is obvious that such person wishes to: . . . (2) Present a
claim or defense in litigation that is not warranted under existing law, unless
it can be supported by good faith argument for an extension, modification, or
reversal of existing law."
The Board also finds by clear and
convincing evidence that Respondent violated DR 7-102(A)(2) that provides in
relevant part that: "In his representation of a client, a lawyer shall not:
. . . (2) Knowingly advance a claim or defense that is unwarranted under existing
law, except that he may advance such claim or defense if it can be supported
by good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing
All other Charges of Misconduct
with regard to VSB Docket Number 98-022-2497 are dismissed.
It is hereby ORDERED that, pursuant
to Part 6, ßIV, 13.C of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia, a Public
Reprimand be and is hereby issued against Respondent in VSB Docket Number 98-022-2497,
effective upon the entry of this order.
We hasten to point out that the
imposition of sanctions by a federal or state court will not, in and of itself,
automatically result in the imposition of discipline under our rules. The responsibility
of every lawyer, as Respondent testified, is to use the law "as a vehicle for
change" when change is required and a good faith argument for such change may
be made. However, for an attorney licensed to practice in the Commonwealth of
Virginia, the change must be brought in a lawful manner and in compliance with
the Code of Professional Conduct or the Rules of Professional Responsibility.
Here we find by clear and convincing evidence that Respondent presented and
pursued claims that were both unwarranted under existing law and
unsupported by any good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal
of existing law. It is these failures that serve as the predicate for the imposition
We also note that even if we were
to accept that Respondent had no intent to harass or injure anyone with his
pleadings, that being "pure of heart" is not a defense to the imposition of
discipline, when, even under a clear and convincing evidentiary standard, there
is more than ample evidence to show objectively that the filing and prosecution
of the JIRC Suit were both unwarranted under existing law and
unsupported by any good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal
of existing law.
It is FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk
of the Disciplinary System shall send an attested and true copy of this order
and opinion to Respondent by certified mail, return receipt requested, at his
address of record with the Virginia State Bar, 1225 Boissevain Avenue, Norfolk,
Virginia 23507; and to Richard E. Slaney, Assistant Bar Counsel, 707 East Main
Street, Suite 1500, Richmond, Virginia, 23219-2803.
The Clerk of the Disciplinary System
shall assess costs pursuant to Part 6, ßIV, 13.K(10) of the Rules of the Supreme
Court of Virginia.
SO ORDERED, this ____ day of May,
William M. Moffet, Chairman